How to make provoleta - Argentina's bubbling melted cheese and chimichurri salsa

This oozy melted cheese circle is South America's answer to Swiss fondue.
This oozy melted cheese circle is South America's answer to Swiss fondue. Photo: The New York Times

Bubbling melted cheese is hard to resist, whether it's fondue swirled around cubes of bread, raclette spread on hot boiled potatoes, or Tex-Mex queso fundido, served with thick tortilla chips. On my first trip to Argentina, I encountered a South American version.

My friend Fernando Trocca, a Buenos Aires chef, met me at the airport. I was tired from the 10-hour flight but ready for anything – and hungry.

Chimichurri salsa is drizzled over grilled provoleta.
Chimichurri salsa is drizzled over grilled provoleta. Photo: The New York Times

Trocca had arranged for a group of friends to have dinner that evening at one of his favourite restaurants. A few hours later, we gathered around a long table at the bustling parrilla El Pobre Luis. I was warned to prepare for a night of feasting. It would be a traditional meat-centric asado, with everything grilled over a huge bed of hot, glowing coals.

The first item to arrive was not meat, however. It was a grilled piece of cheese – a typical Argentine appetiser called provoleta, fragrant with oregano, crisped and browned at the edges, and starting to ooze. There was nothing low-cal about it, and it was delicious, smeared on bread that had been toasted over embers. Little bowls of chimichurri, the local version of salsa verde, were also on hand for extra embellishment.

The meal was off to a good start, lubricated with free-flowing red malbec wine, from the Mendoza region in the foothills of the Andes, as the meat began to arrive. First came little chorizo and morcilla sausages and sweetbreads, as well as chinchulines (grilled chitterlings) and kidneys, not for the faint of heart. Then came every cut of beef imaginable, from skirt steak to rib-eye and everything in between.

The makings of chimichurri, which includes parsley, oregano, garlic, olive oil, salt, pepper and crushed red pepper.
The makings of chimichurri, which includes parsley, oregano, garlic, olive oil, salt, pepper and crushed red pepper. Photo: The New York Times

But back to provoleta. In Australia, imported Italian provolone is your best choice. Provolone is a long, cylindrical cheese; what you want is a perfectly round piece sliced at least two centimetres thick. Go to an Italian deli or a good cheesemonger and ask to have it cut. Let it come to room temperature, uncovered, allowing the exterior to dry a bit. Then dust both sides with oregano and crushed red pepper.

In Argentina (and Uruguay), provoleta is tossed on the grill like a steak, but unless you are very experienced, you risk losing the cheese that way, watching helplessly as it melts and drips into the fire below. Amateurs are well advised to cook the cheese in a small cast-iron pan over the coals. But a good version can be made on the stovetop, under the grill or in a hot oven.

It makes a fine snack, perfectly suitable for non-carnivores, too.

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Provoleta (grilled provolone cheese)

For the chimichurri

½ cup finely chopped parsley

3 tsp finely chopped fresh oregano or 1 tsp dried

2 or 3 garlic cloves, minced

½ cup extra-virgin olive oil

salt and pepper, to taste

large pinch of crushed red pepper

3 tsp red wine vinegar

1½ tbsp cold water

For the cheese

225g provolone cheese, sliced at least 2cm thick

3 tsp roughly chopped fresh oregano or 1 tsp dried

½ tsp crushed red pepper

1 baguette, sliced in 2cm rounds, toasted, if desired

1. Make the chimichurri: In a small bowl, stir together the parsley, oregano, garlic, olive oil, salt and pepper, crushed red pepper, vinegar and water. Thin with a little more water, if necessary, to make a pourable sauce. Set aside to let flavours meld. Sauce may be prepared up to one hour in advance.

2. Set a small cast-iron pan over medium-high heat (or over hot coals). When pan is hot, put in the cheese. Sprinkle with half the oregano and crushed red pepper.

3. Cook for about two minutes, until the bottom begins to brown. Carefully flip the cheese with a spatula and cook for two to three minutes more, until the second side is browned and the cheese is beginning to ooze. Transfer cheese to a plate and sprinkle with remaining oregano and crushed red pepper. Serve immediately, accompanied with bread and chimichurri. (Alternatively, finish the cheese by putting it under the grill or in a hot oven.)

Serves 4-6

The New York Times